Imagine yourself strolling down the supermarket’s cooking oil aisle, pondering which oil would best suit your family’s nutritional requirements. Sunflower, canola, groundnut, palm oil—the options seem endless! How do you make the right choice amidst this array of options? Well, it all boils down to your understanding of the various types of cooking oils, extending beyond the familiar ones.

Let’s delve into palm oil. I’ve noticed that not many people are aware of the fundamental facts about palm oil, let alone the extensive range of everyday products that utilize this incredibly versatile ingredient. That’s why we must delve deeper into its intricacies.

Palm oil boasts remarkable versatility, offering a plethora of properties and functionalities that render it indispensable and widely embraced. Its semi-solid state at room temperature ensures spreads retain their spreadable consistency, while its oxidation resistance enhances product longevity on the shelves. Moreover, its stability under high temperatures lends fried delicacies that coveted crispy texture. Remarkably, its odorless and colorless nature preserves the natural look and aroma of food items.

As well as being versatile, compared to other vegetable oils the oil palm is a very efficient crop, able to produce high quantities of oil over small areas of land, almost all year round. This makes it an attractive crop for growers and smallholders, who can rely on the steady income that palm oil provides. Here are some facts about palm oil you need to know.

Palm Oil Can Be Produced Responsibly

Despite its benefits, palm oil production has garnered a reputation for its unsustainable practices. Clearing land for oil palm plantations often involves the deforestation of valuable forests, impacting local communities and wildlife. Unfortunately, many of these forests are cleared using unsustainable methods such as burning, leading to increased air pollution and soil erosion.

Nevertheless, it’s important to note that palm oil can be produced in an environmentally conscious manner. By adhering to proper regulations and employing sustainable cultivation techniques, farming practices can be managed sustainably, ensuring the responsible growth of oil palm trees. Golden Agri-Resources (GAR) is dedicated to upholding these principles, striving to ensure that palm oil production is conducted responsibly and environmentally friendly.

Made from the Fruits of Oil Palm Trees

Palm oil originates from the fruit of oil palm trees, which thrive under specific conditions found in tropical regions—abundant sunlight, high temperatures, and ample rainfall. The oil is extracted from the loose fruits of fresh fruit bunches (FFBs), with the fruit’s flesh yielding palm oil and the inner seed refined into palm kernel oil. Indonesia and Malaysia stand as the primary producers of palm oil, collectively accounting for nearly 85 percent of global production.


I find palm oil to be exceptionally versatile. Its prolonged shelf life and solid state at room temperature make it an excellent ingredient across a diverse range of foods. Particularly since the 1990s, it has surged in popularity as an alternative to less healthy hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated fats. Like most natural seed oils, palm oil contains less than one percent trans fats, making it a valuable component for a healthier dietary regimen.

What’s more, its resilience under high temperatures makes it perfect for cooking and frying, while its high melting point renders it a cost-effective substitute for animal fats in spreads and baked goods.

I’m intrigued by the myriad uses of palm oil. For instance, it serves as a key component in manufacturing sodium lauryl sulfate, a foaming agent found in numerous body care essentials like soap and toothpaste, and is even a common addition to household cleaning solutions.

Used for Everyday Consumables

Palm oil stands out as the most versatile among various vegetable oils, capable of being refined into a diverse array of products with distinct physical characteristics, melting points, and textures. Its applications span across food items, cosmetics, biofuels, pharmaceuticals, and supplements for animal feed.

In the culinary realm, palm oil is commonly utilized in pastries like cakes and biscuits, as well as in margarine. Surprisingly, it also finds its way into cosmetics such as lipsticks, owing to its richness in antioxidants, which combat signs of aging, making it a favored choice in the beauty industry. Additionally, glycerine derived from palm oil serves as a key ingredient in the production of pharmaceutical products, particularly cough syrups and oral care items. Furthermore, palm oil’s versatility extends to the production of animal feed supplements.

Moreover, crude palm oil serves as a prominent biofuel, with potential applications in electricity generation. In essence, palm oil emerges as a highly efficient ingredient, yielding maximum utility with minimal waste, thus embodying the concept of resource efficiency.

The Production Expected to Increase Further

According to Oil World’s report, the production of four key vegetable oils—palm oil, sunflower oil, soybean oil, and rapeseed oil—is projected to increase by approximately seven million tonnes over the past two years.

The rise in palm oil production doesn’t necessarily entail adverse environmental or community effects. Increasingly, both regulators in Indonesia and consumers worldwide are advocating for sustainably sourced palm oil that can be traced back to its plantation of origin. This emphasis on responsible cultivation practices encourages improved agricultural methods, leading to higher yields per hectare.

Consequently, farmers can cultivate more efficiently on the same area of land, with positive implications for forest conservation. As this demand for transparency grows, it not only fosters better farming practices globally but also educates consumers about the genuine benefits of this seemingly ordinary ingredient.